- Self Sufficient - Sumun Munda
- She is Self Dependent - Barkha Rani
- Development of model villages through integrated planning and multiple interventions
- Framework condition of Sato Village
- Vikas Bharti’s Approach to Development of Sato Village
- Sato village prior to the intervention of Vikas Bharti
- The following figures shows the food availability of the 52 families residing in Sato village before 1986
- Paradigm Shift at SATO
- The following figures portray the situation of 98 families of SATO village
- Social organisation, institutions in the village
- Prosperity of SATO is determined by the following Ccomponents
- Prakash Bhagat from Village Sato
- Birendra Mahali from Salam Nawatoli
- Birjia Family knocking the door of Prosperity
- Angenila Minz supplying Jamun Sirika to entire Jharkhand
- Shushila Oraon well known for Pickle Making
- Spice Production splendid effort of Mr. Ranjit Bhagat
- Successful Operation of Panic Abscess
- Every Cloud Has A Silver Lining
- Breaking the Shackles of Exploitation
- Changing Lives through Alternative Education
- Quenching Mother Nature’s Thirst
- A Real Change in My Life – Mohabati Nayak
- Way of Income Generation : Helarose Toppo
- Adolescent’s Outlook
Development of model villages through integrated planning and multiple interventions
The main thrust area for all round development and prosperity of the village shall be to improve the economic condition of the people living in the area, generate self employment, improve healthcare, education, basic amenities, ecology etc. A comprehensive study of socio economic status, natural resources and basic amenities of the area is essential to understand the development pattern. To evolve the participatory approach for preparing perspective plan and implementation will encourage the villagers to think positively, analyze systematically and respond properly to the development process. It is envisaged that participation at planning and implementation level would bring confidence in them. Vikas Bharti Bishunpur has long experience on different areas for Conceptualization, Planning, Implementation, Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting of the programme with Government, Industry and other agencies at grass root level. Vikas Bharti started its activities way back in 1983 at Bishunpur Block of Gumla District.
The block was then considered to be the most backward and uncommunicative. Vikas Bharti started its development campaign with education, health and sanitation development of the tribal groups including primitive tribes of Bishunpur. The entire Bishunpur hill was malaria prone area .The team started working for the community by making them aware of health and sanitation issues. During mid 80s Primitive tribal group of Bishunpur block was totally cutoff from the outside world. They were dependent on forest resources and hunting of wild animals was their mainstay.
Persevered effort of Vikas Bharti over a period of 28 years brought significant change in the whole Bishunpur area. The area is now considered as the most swiftly developing Blocks of Jharkhand. Many Organizations, national and foreign agencies, government officials are visiting the area on frequent manner to witness the development models created by Vikas Bharti Bishupur. Vikas Bharti has identified 24 villages to be developed as model villages in Bishunpur. Out of these 24, Sato is one village where paradigm shift and fruits of development are already visible. Here is a brief description of the framework situation and journey towards prosperity of the villagers of Sato village.
Framework condition of Sato Village
“SATO” a Small tribal Village of Bishunpur Block of Gumla district situated at high altitude and surrounded by hills and mountain. The village is inhabited mostly by the tribal population they have very limited scope for agriculture due to rain fed farming and limited off-farm employment opportunities. Sato village is around 12 kms from Block headquarter Bishunpur..
|Condition of Sato Village|
|Number of Adult Female||160|
|Number of Children||282|
|Number of family||98|
|Number of tola||2|
|Number of Primary School||1|
|Number of Middle School||1|
|Angan Wadi Centre||1|
|Land Ownership details|
|Possessing more than 5 acres||35 families|
|Possessing 2to 5 acres||52 families|
|Less than 2 acres||11 families|
|Source of Irrigation|
|Rain water||Sato Dam|
Vikas Bharti’s Approach to Development of Sato Village
The word ‘Empowerment’ implies augmentation of confidence level, co-operation level and capital availability for the communities. To achieve these three dimensions of empowerment peoples participation right from the planning to implementation stage is of immense importance. In Sato village Vikas Bahrti ensured full participation and involvement of people in executing various activities.
For promotion of internal co-operation and motivation within individuals and groups, Vikas Bharti focused on institution building, along with establishing of linkages and networks with individuals, agencies and groups having common interests. These institutions are then mobilized and motivated to undertake advocacy campaigns at the grassroots for bringing about societal changes and fight for their rights and entitlements.
For building confidence within the communities Vikas Bharti focused in capacitating the target community groups and individuals. Along with capacitating vulnerable sections of the society, modern technologies were introduced and preservation and refinement of the indigenous technologies were given special attention
For enhancing capital availability to the communities promotion of physical, financial, human, social and natural capital development, creation and conservation were given special attention. Besides strengthening the existing government services not only for the qualitative improvement of these services but also to increase community’s access to these available services were ensured by the organisation.
Several campaigns were initiated to save the identity, culture and rights of tribal people. People were made aware about sustainable utilization of forest resources and proper management of natural resources so as to meet the social, ecological, economic cultural and spiritual requirements. Health,Education and livelihood promotion activities were initiated by developing models keeping into account the behavioral pattern of the community. Special attention was given on Agriculture promotion, an unique SATO dam was constructed at a height of 2000 ft. which became an eye opener for agriculture planners and engineers. The construction work became successful due to the full cooperation, involvement and sacrifice of the local residents of village Sato. The Dam became a big source of irrigation and changed the entire scenario of the village.
Sato village prior to the intervention of Vikas Bharti
Till mid 80s Sato village was totally cut off from the mainstream. The main occupation of the tribals was farming which was totally dependent on vagaries of nature. More than 60% families were engaged in labour work to sustain their livelihood. Majority of the people of Sato are the followers of Tana Bhagat the famous freedom fighter of Jharkhand. Primary education facility was made available in the village during 60s therefore people were quite aware about the importance of education and many children from the village opted for higher education. The main problem was absence of livelihood opportunity. More than 50% households were facing acute shortage of resource for sustenance. Rainfed agriculture together with small land holding contributed to low crop yield. Only one crop paddy was cultivated before the construction of Sato Dam.
The following figures shows the food availability of the 52 families residing in Sato village before 1986
|Number of families having||food for whole year||12|
|Number of families having||food for 6 to 10 months||26|
|Number of families having||food for less than 6 months||14|
|Number of families taking two||crops a year||0|
|Number of families producing||Vegetables||0|
Paradigm Shift at SATO
Construction of Sato Dam at a height of 2000 ft. became an eye opener for agriculture planners and engineers. It created immense enthusiasm amongst the people. The way people participated in the whole construction period became an example for development planners and executers. The entire village got water to irrigate their land. Gradually people started taking two crops in a year. Now the village is famous for vegetable cultivation and multiple livelihood activities.
The following figures portray the situation of 98 families of SATO village
families having food for whole year and
|Number of||families having food for whole year||59|
|Number of||families having food for 8 to 11 months||11|
|Number of||families having food for less than 8 months||0|
|Number of||families taking two crops a year||27 ( 27 acres)|
|Number of||families producing Vegetables||23 ( 11 acres)|
Social organisation, institutions in the village
|Women Self||Help groups||-5|
Prosperity of SATO is determined by the following Ccomponents
- Animal husbandry: 53 Families have milch animals. 39 families are getting milk whole throughout the year. 12 families are making Ghee from Surplus milk. Every year before the mansoon season necessary vaccines are given to livestocks at a common place on a particular day. Community organizes the whole vaccination programme by the facilitation of Vikas Bharti. Number of livestocks in the
- village is 764
- Surplus Agriculture and Horticulture Production: More than 40 families are selling agriculture produce and horticulture produce in the market.
- Processing: members of the 5 self help groups are engaged in Mushroom, Pickle and Vermi Compost Production. These items are being marketed in the brand name of VIKAS through Swablamban Dhara Unit of Vikas Bharti Bishunpur.
- Health care and hygiene: Health and hygiene practices are followed by the villagers from long before. Village committee itself monitors the functioning of Angan wadi centre.
- Education: Male literacy rate is 80% and female literacy rate is 69%
- Market: Market linkage of the producers with Swawalamban Dhara unit.
Prakash Bhagat from Village Sato
Prakash has been practicing agriculture since 1990. He started with paddy cultivation in his small portion of land. He was a hard working farmer gradually he increased his land area and diversified his activity. Amidst he received training programme from Vikas Bharti Bishunpur on Horticulture and vegetable cultivation. Now apart from Paddy he is able to take two crops is a year. KVK has supplemented his effort by supplying quality seed, fertilizers and technological inputs. He visits KVK on regular basis to upgrade his knowledge and gather information about latest developments and innovations. Many farmers of the area are trying to follow his path. His yearly income is around Rs.45000 from Horticulture products.
Birendra Mahali from Salam Nawatoli
Birendra a youngster landless poor villager was struggling to survive four years back was engaged in labour work in nearby places. In 2008 he attended Bamboo craft training programme organized by Vikas Bharti Bishunpur. After that he started making Bamboo items at domestic level. He found it very interesting and initiated making products which are marketable. In 2009 he started selling his products in nearby markets. Now he is in a position to make valuable diversified Bamboo items on regular basis. Raw material is easily available in Bishupur Block. He has found his market in Ghagra and Lohardaga town. At present his monthly income is around Rs 3000.00 by selling craft items.
Birjia Family knocking the door of Prosperity
Villagers of Beti Birjia Toli in Bishunpur Block are now in a position to show the world that determination and hard work can render fruits of development at the door step. There are many cases to depict but one of the special case is of Fulmani Birjia who is member of local self help group. In 2006 she planted 4 mango plants at her “Bari” land. She took care of the plants very patiently during the first year. In 2007 she sent her son and daughter in law to attend a training Programme on horticulture promotion at Vikas Bharti Bishunpur. After receiving the training they procured 36 plants of Mango, guava, Licchi etc. and planted at their Bari Land. The training Programme provided them the required information to ensure desired growth and plant protection measures. Fulmani inspired all the family members to work together and do something extraordinary. By the end of 2010 they have more than 110 fruit plants on their possession. She is also producing Groundnut and Urad as inter crop. The family's annual income is increasing by 20% every year.
Angenila Minz supplying Jamun Sirika to entire JharkhandAngenial Minz a resident of Bishunpur has been engaged in food processing activity since 2005. She has pioneered herself in preparing processed items. Her main products are jamun Sirika, Fruit Jam, Pickles, Honey and Satawar Jam. Sincere application of knowledge, determination and dedication are the main grounds of her success. She has built up a very good reputation in the local market. To upgrade herself with latest developments and to match the demand of market she is in continuously in touch with the experts of Vikas Bharti team. She procures raw material from Ranchi and nearby markets. Packaging is being done by her at home. Her products are spread in the markets of Lohardaga, Gumla and Ranchi Disctricts. She earns around Rs 3000.00 per month,during festive seasons the earning raises by 20 to 30%.
Shushila Oraon well known for Pickle Making
Sushila who belongs to a poor family of sato village joined a newly formed women Self Help Group in the year 2008. She was a sincere group member who involved herself in every group activity. In 2009 she got an opportunity to attend a training programme on food processing organized by Vikas Bharti Bishunpur. She learnt to prepare different processing items such as jam, Jelly, Pickles, Papad etc. She started producing these items in small scale. Suddenly she found that her Pickles are generating good demand amongst her neighbors and relatives. Her relatives and family members instigated her to prepare it in large scale and sell it in the local market. By the end of 2009 she started preparing Mixed pickle, Oal pickle in large scale. Now she is earning Rs 25000 per year by selling pickles. Most importantly she is having no problem in marketing as the entire produce is being sold in the Bishunpur local market.
Spice Production splendid effort of Mr. Ranjit Bhagat
Ranjit Bhagat a resident of village Ambera, Block Bhandra, District Lohardaga had intrinsic outlook towards Spice cultivation. He was practicing it from long before in unscientific manner. By the facilitation of Vikas Bharti officials he started Ginger cultivation by procuring high yielding seeds. He very minutely performed the cultivation process following the guidelines and measures prescribed by the officials. For last two years Mr. Bhagat is earning more than Rs50000.00 by selling ginger only and he is stocking enough of seed for the next cultivation. He success has shown a new path for the farmers of the Block even good number of farmers from adjoining Blocks are visiting his field and getting information After the completion of training these trainees are provided with input support in the form of seeds, saplings and earth worms for vermin-culture. In the 42 villages, the women trained in vermi composting technology have produced 12,123 Kgs of vermin compost, the whole of which were sold.
During the reporting period, this unit of Vikas Bharti promoted 167 farmers (150 of whom were women belonging to the SHGs mentioned above) for kitchen garden development by proving them with saplings (35,340 units) and seeds (9.5 Kgs). It was found that these farmers have earned an average income of Rs 3500/- per head through these kitchen gardens. The income was relatively low due to lack of irrigation facilities and poor monsoon during the year. All the 100 SHGs are linked to banks and are engaged in income generating activities. Out of them 2 groups have poultry farms and another 3 runs PDS shops. Around 1267 families (out of which 1174 families were from tribal communities) were benefited by various income generation activities and training programmes organized by Mahila Udyan Vikas unit of the organization. Some of the major benefits of the activities carried out by this unit are as follows:
- Promotion of organic farming by increased use of vermi - compost instead of chemical fertilizers.
- Opening up income generating avenues like sale of vermi - compost, poultry, food processing, shops, etc.; thus reducing dependency on income from agriculture.
- Diversifying land use by promoting of cultivation of horticulture species and herbal plantations.
- Inculcating saving-credit habits and getting out of the clutches of exploitative money lenders in the area.
- Enhanced confidence of women who are members of the SHGs.
- Skill training of 390 youths (385 - Female and 5-Male) under Swarn Jayanti Swarojgar Yojna (SJSY) from 09-11-2010 to 31-03-2010 at Garu and Manika block of Latehar district.
Successful Operation of Panic Abscess
Name of patient is Baliram Binjhiya S/o Birsha Binjhiya, Age 02 years, Sex-Male resident of village Taraboga, Bhandartoli, Ttangar Block of Simdega district. He is suffering with internal-abscess from last six months. Our unit doctor Dr. Balram Rajhans immediate dressed his panic abscess by a surgical operation with the help of unit team in Medical Mobile Unit’s Camp in Simdega district.
Every Cloud Has A Silver Lining
This case study relates to the life of Manisha Pradhan who resides in the Khunti district of Jharkhand. Her parents are unskilled farmers and seasonal workers who don't earn enough to feed their family. Manisha has six siblings who all study in a village based school. She failed in her class 10 board exams. She never got proper education. The financial condition of the family was so weak that no proper guidance was provided to her before her board exams. Her mother always remained in a disturbed state of mind because her children were not getting a proper education and at the same time they could not afford to provide them the necessary condition for education. They could not even afford to buy notebooks and other stationeries. There came a certain point of time when Manisha actually surrendered her fate to God. She had no hopes left for her future.
She thought that her life in no more substantial and earnest. But her opinion towards life radically changed when she was taken up by Vikas Bharti as a student. Her life took a beautiful turn as she got the real meaning of education. She very well realized that it is only through education that she can fetch income for the family and provide a proper financial aid to her parents. Manisha is very grateful to Vikas Bharti & NRTT as it played a major role in transforming her life. She is very happy to find her new friends in the same institute who also belong to economically weak and underprivileged strata of the society. Now she has full belief in herself and the organization.
She also feels very privileged as the organization not only provides with food and basic necessities but also gives them an opportunity to take part in co-curricular activities. She became matriculate, by getting 65% marks from Jharkhand Academic Council. She gives the entire credit of getting of First Class to Vikas Bharti .Her aim is to be a nurse so that she can take care of the ailing people. At the same time she want to make her parents very proud of her abilities and wishes that they have a comfortable life in the near future.
Breaking the Shackles of Exploitation
In a sleepy, non-descript village under Bishunpur block of district Gumla lives an illiterate tribal woman, Kuner Birijiya. Her husband Bandha Birijiya has one acre of land on which they grow paddy. The paddy produced from the field is hardly sufficient for their family and both, Kuner and Bandha migrate to the cities in search of livelihood. They work as daily wage laborers in the cities to earn their living.
This was a story of Kuner Birijiya of Langra tanr village under Bishunpur block of Gumla district a year ago. But today she does not need to work as a daily wage laborer as she earns almost Rs.4000/- every month from selling vegetables and earns Rs.3000/- from selling vermi-compost. She now saves money for the future of her children.
The change in her life started when she was selected as a beneficiary for women Entrepreneurship Development Program implemented by Vikas Bharti. She was suggested to produce vermi-compost. She was advised to attend training for taking up vermi-compost production. At first she refused to come for the training as she was not literate and thought that training would involve written work. The representatives of the organization briefed her about the nature of training which was completely field based and involved no written work. Kuner was convinced and she attended the training. Soon after attending the training she started production of vermi-compost. She started using the compost in her field as well as sold the surplus compost to others. She produced Rs.6000/- worth of compost and by selling compost she earned Rs.3000/-. Her husband saw the benefit of this enterprise and received training on growing better varieties of vegetables from Vikas Bharti. He was also provided improved seeds the organization. Kuner and her husband now grow vegetables together. It has changed their life for better and given us an iota of hope.
Changing Lives through Alternative Education
This is a story of Mukesh Baitha, a child belonging to the schedule caste community, residing in a village named Nirasi in Bishunpur block of Gumla district. The story shows how Vikas Bharti’s education program was instrumental in changing his life. Mukesh, lived with his parents and two younger sisters. His father, Gulab Baitha, was a marginal farmer, who hardly has any land for agriculture purposes. Therefore most part of the year he has to move to the nearly urban areas for earning his livelihoods through wage labour.
Gulab used to live his family having his wife, two small daughters and Mukesh behind him. Gulab and his wife always wanted that their son, Mukesh should continue his studies and stand in his own feet after completion of his studies. Therefore in spite of all constrains and problems Gulab send his son Mukesh to the nearby government primary school. However Mukesh didn’t show any interest towards schooling and was quite irregular in attending classes. He was not attentive in the school as well and his teachers were always complaining to his mother. Gradually he stopped going to school and used to play with his friends all day long. Mukesh’s mother was very upset and worried about his son’s future.
During the same time she heard about the residential schools run by Vikas Bharti. She met one of the panchayat level workers of the organization and asked about the schools run by Vikas Bharti and the possibilities of her son getting into the school. The worker took her to the headmaster of one of the nearby schools run by the organization, named Jatra Tana Bhagat Vidya Mandir. She discussed the problem with him and expressed her desire to put her son into this school. After written application to the Secretary, he was enrolled in this school. As he belonged to a very poor family he got cent percent scholarship along with residential facilities in the school.
Mukesh was very hesitant to join the school. During the initial few days he had very little interaction with the other children as well as the teachers and thus remained cut-off. However gradually he realized that the life in Jatra Tana Bhagat Vidya Mandir was quite different from the government school where he earlier used to go. Besides studies, the daily routine of the school also comprised of play, creative works, yoga, prayer and cultural activities. He started liking these activities and started enjoying his stay in the school. He also felt that the teachers were very affectionate and were using various innovative methods to teach various subjects. The teachers were also using local dialect for teaching. Gradually he started grasping the academic dimension of his curriculum. His attitude towards studies became very positive and he was counted amongst the good students in the school.
Mukesh studies in Jatra Tana Bhagat Vidya Mandir from Class II to Class IV. Thereafter he got admission into the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya in Gumla. Presently he is studying very hard to get through his matriculation exams. This is a unique example were the students who were disinterested towards the formal government schools were nurtured through innovative and joyful methods and mainstreamed into the formal education system. There are many such examples like Mukesh, who were able to continue their schooling due to the educational initiatives of the organization. Our schools have proved to be a feeder schools for the KGVB residential schools. A number of girls have spent a couple of years in our centers and have been capacitated to a level where they can get admission into the KGVB residential school. Our education model has not only made the whole learning process joyful but has also enriched it through linkages with livelihood skills and value education.
Quenching Mother Nature’s Thirst
Looking at the green hills and the lush vegetation in and around the villages in Bishunpur block of Gumla District it is hard to believe that there can be dearth of water for horticulture plantation in the area. But, a closer observation and discussion with the farmers would establish the fact that, indeed, there is a scarcity of water in the area. This scarcity is worsened with low rainfall and high run off loss in the area.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Vikas Bharti Bishunpur through benchmarking survey and use of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) tools identified this problem of water scarcity in the area. The challenge was to ensure water for the horticulture plantations as well as vegetable crops in a cost-effective way. Farm ponds have been used earlier for this purpose but big farm ponds which harvested rain water were not feasible here as the farmers did not have large land holdings. Another problem with the farm pond was seepage of water. Although this could be solved to some extent through packing the floor of the farm pond with stones but it was not cost effective.
Finally, the scientists of KVK decided to try out a new design of farm pond. This farm pond was more like a ditch than a pond as it had a dimension of 3mx1mx1m. To prevent seepage of water polyethylene sheets were used to cover the floor. The structure was named “Jal Kund”. The plan was to dig series of “Jal Kunds” in the land of a beneficiary farmer to store runoff water. Water could also be pumped in these ponds from a nearby river.
When this design was shared with the farmers then they agreed to use this design. The polyethene sheets were provided to the beneficiaries. Farmers were also able to grow vegetables on the bund of the pond. Presently, this design of farm pond has been adopted by farmers in three districts of the State, namely, Gumla, Latehar and Lohardaga. The farmers who are using this pond have reported increase in crop production, vegetable production and better survival rate of horticultural species
A Real Change in My Life – Mohabati Nayak
My name is Mohabati Nayak and I am living in Ormanjhi, Ranchi. I was working as a daily wager. One day I met Ms.Prabha Toppo, she is one of the members of District Education Committee and she gives me some of the information about stitching clothes, which was provided by one of the reputed organizations, Vikash Bharti, Bishunpur in Ranchi. I took the initiative and got admission in stitching course. Now I am self employed and earning Rs.2500 per month through my own shop. Today I am self dependent and happy. I need not go anywhere in quest of employment.
Way of Income Generation : Helarose Toppo
“My name is Helarose Toppo; I belong to Latehar district. I have taken training in 2008 under Yuva Jyoti. I want to see myself as a good motor-cycle mechanic. With the help of Vikas Bharti and State Bank of India-Chandwa branch I opened my own shop. At the beginning some of the motor -cycle mechanics tried to create problems for me. Then it was very difficulties for me to survive, but now my earnings have reached to Rs.4000-5000 due to Vikas Bharti's support”.
I Lili Kandeer daughter of Sri Benjamin Kandeer is a resident of village Chendagutu under Murhu Block of Khunti district of Jharkhand. I had to discontinue my education in the year 2011 after I appeared in the matriculation examination from St. Xavier’s High School Sarwada and declared fail. I was very much frustrated and dejected at that time. I lost my self belief and decided to engage myself in domestic work. My parents were quite upset as they continued my education till 10th level facing all kinds of hardship. My father usually works in other’s agriculture field to sustain our livelihood. My parent’s didnot agree to second opportunity to appear in the matriculation Examination.
I understood their situation and decided to put an end to my dreams. Surprisingly I came into the contact of Vikas bharti’s officials when they were motivating girls to enrol themselves in a new initiative “to restart education” under Punararambha Programme. I told parents about the same who happily agreed to admit me in the hostel at Ranchi.The facilities of gaining academic knowledge, vocational training and sources of entertainment offered are something which I had never experienced in the past.
After few months I realized that my lost confidence is back. I very seriously concentrated in my studies right from the beginning and appeared in the matriculation examination and got first division with 61% marks. The ambiance and learning environment was wonderful at the Punararambha Centre at Ranchi. Extracurricular activities and personality development programmes provided opportunities before us to become good human being together it inculcated new thoughts and power to establish ourselves in future. I desperately want to continue my education and will take admission in inter college Torpa, Khunti for higher studies. I am very much grateful to Vikas Bharti Bishunpur for providing me such a wonderful opportunity.