Vikas Bharti Bishunpur is implementing various programmes in the area of health and Hygiene in different districts of Jharkhand to improve the health status of the urban poor community. Vikas Bharti provides effective health care to the rural population, especially the disadvantaged groups including women and children, by improving access, enabling community ownership and demand for services, strengthening public health systems for efficient service delivery, enhancing equity and accountability and promoting decentralization.
For last 30 years Vikas Bharti Bishunpur has been striving for making the villagers aware about the significance of conservation of water, use of safe drinking water, significance of practicing good personal and community hygiene by conducting several activities like community mobilization, awareness campaign against diarrhea and malaria, harvesting of rain water, importance of hand washing, toilet construction, plantation, and strengthening of Govt. and local governance system.
Jharkhand is one of the most vulnerable states in India in terms of nutritional indices. A recent survey of over 2000 children conducted by University College of London (UCL) in collaboration with Ekjut in Jharkhand & Orissa between February & June 2010 highlights severe wasting rates (<-3 weight for height z-scores)3 in excess of 14% and MUAC<115 mm in excess of 4%. At State level, anaemia rates are more than 70% among children under 5 and greater than 40% among women (BMI<18.5 Kg/m2)4. In Gumla district, under 5 wasting prevalence is 20.0% and severe wasting is 9.4%; MUAC less than 125 mm is 19.0% and MUA less or equal to 115 mm is 1.25%; under 5 stunting prevalence is 58.4% and severe stunting is 33.0%; under 5 underweight prevalence is 59.6% and severe underweight is 20.7%5. Whilst risk of acute malnutrition was higher in the lower socio-economic groups, presence of acute malnutrition in the middle and better off wealth.
Promotion of Health, Nutrition, Sanitation and Hygiene related Activities Conforming Right to Life
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1. Dispensary (Jeevan Jyoti Arogya Niketan):
The charitable dispensary named Jeevan Jyoti Arogya Niketan set up by Vikas Bharti Bishunpur in 1984 and lending basic health care services to the people from adjoining blocks of Gumla, Lohardaga and Latehar districts. During the reporting period 18770 availed various types of medical services through this Dispensary.
Services provided by Jeevan Jyoti Arogya Niketan :
602 critical cases like Malaria, Typhoid, Anemia, Pneumonia and Diabetes were dealt with in this dispensary during the reporting year, details of which are shown in the diagram.
2. Mobile Medical Van (National Mobile Medical Unit):
The scheme of National Mobile Medical Units (MMUs) has been initiated under NHM (National Health Mission) in Jharkhand state as an effort to provide health services at doorstep of the public in rural areas, especially in underserved areas.
The main aim & objectives of National Mobile Medical Unit
To provide all the health services in underserved villages/ regions in selected blocks of the districts through the facilities available with National Mobile Medical Units where health facilities such as PHCs, CHCs or private health care facilities are absent or limited, as decided by the district Civil Surgeon.
Every National Mobile Medical Unit provides the following services in the hard-to-reach areas of entire Jharkhand State
- Curative Care Services.
- Reproductive and Child Care Services
- Family Planning Services
- Specialized Facilities and Services on Emergency
- Diagnostics Services.
- Referral Services